Succeeding the inter-racial clubs of the 1950s and 1960s by promoting multi-racial harmony through cultural events, the Dark and Light Theatre company was formed in November 1971, at Brixton's Longfield Hall, Britain's first multi-racial theatre centre. Established by Jamaican actor Frank Cousins, following a two-year campaign, the premises was provided by Lambeth Council, together with a £1,000 Arts Council grant. Alongside drama performances, the theatre hosted poetry, jazz and discussion events. Its opening performance was Athol Fugard's 1961 play on Apartheid South Africa, 'The Blood Knot'. For Cousins, the theatre 'should result in a better understanding of other communities, bringing different races closer together'. In 1974, the Dark and Light Theatre re-opened as the Black Theatre.