Browne responded by returning with three West Indian friends—including Roy McFarlane, secretary of the Brockley International Friendship Association—and a white witness. Together, they staged a sit-down strike in the bar, as well as writing to their MPs and beginning an application to oppose the renewal of the Dartmouth Arms’s license. The Brockley International Friendship Society took up the campaign against the pub the following month, organising a multi-racial picket of the pub, and threatening further sit-ins. Joining them at the picket line was the Labour candidate for West Lewisham, Joan Lester, Lewisham Labour councillors, and representatives of the Lewisham Trades Council.
The campaign against the Dartmouth Arms colour bar occurred against the backdrop of a general election in which the Conservatives gained a seat in the West Midlands seat of Smethwick on the back of an explicitly racist campaign. Placards at the Dartmouth Arms protest not only referred to the ongoing American Civil Rights struggle—demanding an end to ‘Jim Crowism’—but also to this recent victory for racist politics: one banner declared ‘We Do Not Want Smethwick in South London’. One passing driver, however, responded with a shout of ‘Up Smethwick!’. The British National Party also responded, organising a counter-picket.
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Despite these pickets, and despite opposition lodged by Brockley International Friendship Association to the renewal of Hawes’s license, the colour bar remained and Hawes’s licence was renewed in March 1965. The campaign was eventually called off after the passing of the 1965 Race Relations Act, though reports that Hawes continued to operate a colour bar came out again in 1966.